It lies to the northeast of Vardya and it is the site of Vard Lighthouse. The additional electricity is needed to power an American-funded radar system located about 40 miles from Russias Kola Peninsula, a territory studded with high-security naval bases and restricted military zones. The Yukigassen competition in Vard is unique in Norway. The fisheries grew in importance, and so did the Pomor trade with Russia's White Sea region. The town is the northern termination of European route E75, which starts in Sitia, Crete. The law required that all towns should be separated from their rural districts, but because of a low population and very few voters, this was impossible to carry out for Vard in 1838.
Vard landdistrikt, listen to ham radio which was renamed Btsfjord in 1957) was officially separated from the town of Vard in 1868. In the 17th century, Vard was the center of a great number of witchcraft trials. "Klima en Vardo" (in German). The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vard. The town itself is on the island of Vardya, but the municipality includes significant area on the mainland of the Varanger Peninsula, including part of the Varangerhalvya National Park in the southwest. The first element is vargr which means " wolf " and the last element is y which means " island ". The secrecy surrounding the radar systems has spawned fears that officials are covering up health hazards and other possible dangers.