If you've ever had a cold that just wouldn't go away, chances are it was sinusitis — an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities within the bones that surround the nose. The sinuses are lined with a thin membrane that produces mucus, which is normally swept along by hair cells and drains through small openings into the nasal cavity. Sinusitis also called rhinosinusitis starts when this drainage system becomes blocked, usually from swelling due to inflammation caused by infection or allergy.
Correspondence Address : Dr. Tubercular involvement of the paranasal sinuses is usually asymptomatic until it reaches an advanced state and when it involves the maxillary sinus, this initial period of quiescence often mimics the clinical presentation of a chronic sinus infection, which often leads to a diagnostic dilemma. Symptoms commonly reported are chronic sinusitis and rhinorrhea, both of which being nonspecific in nature leading to a quandary.
Medically known as rhinosinusitis, a sinus infection occurs when your nasal cavities become infected, swollen, and inflamed. Sinusitis is usually caused by a virus and often persists even after other upper respiratory symptoms are gone. In some cases, bacteria, or rarely fungus, may cause a sinus infection.
Sinusitis is inflammation of the paranasal sinuses due to viral, bacterial, or fungal infections or allergic reactions. Treatment of presumed viral acute rhinitis includes steam inhalation and topical or systemic vasoconstrictors. Decongestants, corticosteroid nasal sprays, and application of heat and humidity may help relieve symptoms and improve sinus drainage.
Sinus infections may be acute or chronic and may develop because of a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. Lying behind your eyebrows, behind your cheekbones, and between your eyes are your sinuses — air-filled cavities lined with a mucous membrane that filters and humidifies the air you inhale. This membrane produces and circulates mucus into your sinus and nasal passages to help remove dust, particles, and microbes from the air that you breathe.
Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Many disease processes can present with facial swelling and multiple discharging sinuses.
For the best experience on htmlWebpackPlugin. Sinusitis can be either acute sudden or chronic long-term. With chronic sinusitis, the infection or inflammation does not completely go away for 12 weeks or more.
Mucormycosis is a rare potentially fatal opportunistic fungal infection that affects human beings. Normally, a healthy is immune to such infections but there are some risk factors which predispose a person to mucormycosis, of which malnutrition and diabetes mellitus are the most common risk factors. India is the most commonly affected country by mucormycosis because of high proportion people with low socioeconomic status and diabetes mellitus. In diabetes mellitus, mucormycosis is more aggressive and fatal due to an impaired host defense mechanism.
Sinusitisalso known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitisis inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the sinuses resulting in symptoms. Sinusitis can be caused by infectionallergiesair pollutionor structural problems in the nose. Some cases may be prevented by hand washing, avoiding smoking, and immunization.